Education is the best investment nations can be make to build prosperous, healthy and equitable societies. Education gives hope and confidence in the future. It sets people on a path towards furfilling ones dreams governments have to give hope to those who know K Education deprivation o to day – the 61 million children who are out of school, the hundreds of million who lack opportunities for quality learning. They are 775 million adults in the world who cannot read and write.
The parents living in places recovering from war or natural disaster want their chiildren back in school. They undestand that this is the basic building block of every society.
Education is facing a crisis. There is a « Learning deficit ” of those in and out of school – that poses huge challenges for suitable development. This is of great concern. The total number of children and youth out of primary and lowwer secondary school make 131 million. They could make the tenth largest ountry on earth if concentrated in one location.
Sub-saharan African accounts for half of the world’s total out of school. What is more worrying is that, according to recent data released by UNESCO, there are more children out of school in Sub-Saharan Africa to day than there years ago. Nevertheless Africa has made prodess since 2000. Enrolment has increased and the gender parity gap has narrowed. In the Democratic Democratic of Congo the policy K Giels and and boys all to school Dig a answer to stimulate the parents and help the children to love going to school.
The growing number of success stories across Africa indicates that progress is attainable. They bring dividents of investing in education. So there must be a new initiative: « Education first ‘, to put education at the heart of the social, political and development agenda. Education first will focus on three areas: putting every child in school, improving the quality of learning and fostering global citizenship.
Education provides far more than an entry point for the job market, educations brings shared values to life. Education can helps us live to gether by promoting mutual understanding, tolerance and respect. It is also a pathway towards living in harmony with our planet and those we share it with.
QUESTIONS ON THE TEXT.
1. The word “they” underlined the first paragraph refers to: (EXETAT 20I5)
a. Adults b. parents c. children and youth d. success stories e. equitable societies.
2. The motto “girls and boys all to school” intends to : (EXETAT 2015)
a. Outline the lack of right of children to education.
b. Improve the quality of learning.
c. Reduce the gender parity gap.
d. Explain the crisis which affects education.
e. Encourage children to go to school.
3. “The world lives a difficult situation in Education”. This ide ais started in the paragraph : (EXETAT 2015)
a. One b. two c. three d. four e. five
4. The duty of the Democratic Republic of Congo is to : (EXETAT 2015)
a. Provide and entry point for the job market.
b. Send all girls and boys to school.
c. Lauch a new initiative in education.
d. Get their children back to school.
e. Give hope to people who are missing education.
5. Education deprivation is a bad thing because it : (EXETAT 2015)
a. Helps people to accomplish their projects.
b. Accounts for half of the world’s school population out of school.
c. Leads people to lack quality learning.
d. Permits to nations to form a good population.
e. Brings shared values to life.
6. Indicate the title which best suits the above text. (EXETAT 2015)
a. Decline in education.
b. Education in africa and in the world
c. Education as a priority.
d. Education hope for nations.
e. Rising and failling rate of the school population.
QUESTIONS OUT OF THE TEXT.
7. Look at the picture bellow « ruler « is picture number : (EXETAT 2015)
8. Indicate the convenient determinative to complete the sentence : “She has a brother …. is a dentist ”. (EXETAT 2015)
d. to whom
9. Indicate the association (III) which correctly matches the words (I) with their meanings (II). (EXETAT 2015)
a. a board in a bookcase for books
b. a furniture with boards to holds books
c. a pair of boards which holds a row of books standing up
d. a shop that sells books
e. anything placed between the pages of book
1. 1b, 2a, 3d, 4e, 5c.
2. 1a, 2d, 3b, 4c, 5e
3. 1d, 2c, 3e, 4a, 5b
4. 1c, 2e, 3b, 4d, 5a
5. 1e, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5d
This message is not intended to question the role of governance in development. On the contrary, it assumes that improvements in the rules of law, pluralism, democratic participation and other indicators are indispensable comproments of successful economic and social development.
Improvements in gouvernance are prerequisite for countries in Africa to attract foreign investment. Ranks that measure the ease of doing business, corruption and political stability are routinely cited as key merits in this regard. The gilding principle is that the easier you make it for the investor, the better :
Many countries feel pressured to perform welle on such indicators some countries are listed among those which measure attractiveness on rankings success, some others should be the reverse, and some others are the market offering the best prospects for investment. The problem with these indices is that are built on a particular theory of what is good for investment and growth. In a sense that it creates development conditions which are difficult to attain.
Some countries attract the interest they do because investors make a calculated decision. So countries should make an effort to improve business and policy environments. They attract interest despite their operating environment rather than due to any conscious effort : efforts are needed to define termes of engagement which are beneficial to their long term development.
Many African countries, regardless of their size, have convincing investment opportunities to offer. The identification of these appropriately is a task to furfill. The way to do it is not to balance investor expectation with a country’s development priorities. Africa attracts more foreign capital. LI is a challenge countries should not shy away from.
QUESTIONS BASED ON THE TEXT.
I. According to the text investments are influenced by : (EXETAT 2016)
a. Calculated decision.
b. Operating environment.
c. Political stability.
d. Ranking success.
e. Social development.
2. The word it which is underlined in the first paragraph refers to : (EXETAT 2016)
3. The message is not intended to question the role of governance “? the expression to complete this sentence is : (EXETAT 2016)
a. Is it b. isn’t it c. don’t they d. aren’t they e. are they
4. Any African country has persuasive investment occasions to present ». This ide ais found in the paragraph : (EXETAT 2026)
a. One b. two c. third d. four e. five
5. In the matter of investment some countries are : (EXETAT 2016)
a. On the list of the attractive countries.
b. Obliged to do well according to given principles.
c. Not listed as attractive countries.
d. Attracted by foreign capital.
e. Attract the interest they do.
6. Indicate the title which suits the above text. (EXETAT 2016)
a. African countries to get investments.
b. Amelioration in country ruling attracts investors.
c. Good governance attracts and garantees investments.
d. Investments are assured by conscious effort.
e. Making better the country development conditions.
QUESTIONS OUT OF THE TEXT.
7. Indicate the correct insistance pronoun to complete the sentence :
“He hurt ……….. by trying to lift the box ». (EXETAT 2016)
a. Myself b. yourself c. himself d. itself e. herself
8. Indicate the association (III) which correctly matches the following sentences (I) with their tense-meanings (II).
1. I haven’t seen him
2. I haven’t got a book
3. I haven’t got to go
4. I didn’t have breakfast in bad
5. I don’t have my shirt washed every week
B. Idiomatic use
D. Causative use
1. 1C, 2e, 3A, 4B, 5D
2. 1D, 2A, 3B, 4C, 5e
3. 1e, 2b, 3C, 4D, 5A
4. 1A, 2C, 3D, 4e, 5B
5. 1B, 2D, 3e, 4A, 5C
9. Indicate the correct association (III) of the language-situation (I) with their illustration (II). (EXETAT 2016)
2. End the conversation
3. Greet someone
4. Begin a conversation
5. Introduce yourself
1. 1A, 2B, 3C, 4E, 5D
2. 1E, 2C, 3D, 4A, 5B
3. 1B, 2A, 3E, 4D, 5C
4. 1C, 2D, 3A, 4B, 5E
5. 1D, 2e, 3B, 4C, 5A